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If → If in Java


If in Java

If statement

The if statement is a fundamental control structure in Java that allows developers to execute a certain block of code only if a specified condition evaluates to true. It enables the program to make decisions and take different actions based on the outcome of the condition. The if statement helps in creating dynamic and responsive programs by selectively executing code depending on the given condition. The syntax of the if statement is as follows:
if (condition) { // Code to execute if the condition is true }
Here's a breakdown of how the if statement works: The if keyword initiates the statement, signaling that a condition will be evaluated. The condition within the parentheses must be a boolean expression. It can be a comparison, a boolean variable, or any expression that results in a boolean value (true or false). If the condition evaluates to true, the code block enclosed in curly braces {} is executed. If the condition is false, the code block is skipped entirely, and the program continues with the next instructions after the if statement. Here's a simple example:
java if condition basic example
public class IfExample{ public static void main(String[] args) { int score = 75; int age = 25; if (age >= 18) { System.out.println("You are eligible to vote."); } } }


You are eligible to vote.
In this example, if the value of the variable age is greater than or equal to 18, the message "You are eligible to vote." will be printed to the console. If the condition is false, the message won't be printed. Developers can enhance the if statement's functionality by using else and else if clauses to handle additional conditions and provide alternative paths of execution. This helps in dealing with multiple possible outcomes based on different conditions.
java else if basic example
public class IfExample{ public static void main(String[] args) { int score = 75; if (score >= 90) { System.out.println("Excellent!"); } else if (score >= 70) { System.out.println("Good job!"); } else { System.out.println("Keep working on it."); } } }


Good job!
In this example, the program evaluates the score and prints different messages based on the score range. The if statement is a crucial tool for implementing decision-making and branching logic in Java programs. It enables developers to create flexible and responsive applications that can handle a variety of scenarios based on specified conditions.