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String basics → Escape sequence in java

String basics

Escape sequence in java

In Java, a String can contain any valid character, including special characters. Special characters are characters that have a special meaning in the Java language, such as: Escape Sequences: These are used to insert special characters into strings. They start with a backslash \ followed by certain characters:
Escape sequence\" : Inserts a double quote character \\ : Inserts a backslash character \n : Inserts a newline character \t : Inserts a tab character
Here’s an example of using escape sequences in a string:
Escape sequence in stringString str = "Hello, \"World\"!\n";
In this case, str would be the string Hello, "World"! followed by a newline. Unicode Escapes: These are used to insert any character into a string using its Unicode value. They start with a backslash and u followed by the four-digit hexadecimal Unicode value of the character:
Numbers and special characters in a stringString str = "\u0048ello, World!";
In this case, str would be the string Hello, World!, because \u0048 is the Unicode value for the character H. Remember, when using special characters in a string, you need to be aware of their special meaning in Java. If you want to include the actual character in the string (for example, a backslash or a double quote), you need to use an escape sequence. This is a fundamental aspect of working with strings in Java. It allows you to have greater control over the exact content of your strings. It’s especially important when dealing with user input or file paths, which often contain special characters. By understanding how to use special characters, you can ensure that your programs handle strings correctly and robustly.